Abdominal Pain: Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatments

Abdominal pain is a common medical condition that can range from slight soreness to severe discomfort within the stomach area. It is vital to know the reasons, types, symptoms, and available treatments for stomach pain to efficiently control and alleviate the situation.

What is Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain is felt within the abdomen. Although pain can arise from the tissues of the belly wall that surround the abdominal hollow space (together with the skin and muscle tissue), the time of abdominal ache is commonly used to explain soreness originating from organs within the abdominal hollow space. The organs of the abdomen consist of:

Abdominal Pain

  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  • Colon
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Pancreas

Why Should You Understand Abdominal Pain?

You may have abdominal pain for several reasons, which may be mild to severe. It is important to understand the types, causes, and associated signs of your belly pain to prevent any medical complications. Noticing the mild abdominal issue from the start helps healthcare specialists appropriately diagnose the underlying issue.

It’s suggested contacting your gastroenterologist  to learn more about what your pain feels like, how frequently you sense it, and how intense it is.

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What’s Causing Your Abdominal Pain?

Many conditions can cause stomach pain. But the main causes are:

  • Infection
  • Abdominal growths
  • Inflammation
  • Obstruction (blockage)
  • Intestinal disorders
  • Inflammation

Infections in the throat, intestines, and blood can cause bacteria to enter your digestive tract, resulting in stomach aches.

Other common causes of belly aches consist of:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Acid reflux disorder)
  • Vomiting
  • Stress

Signs and Symptoms of Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can take several different forms. It may be described using the following methods:

Abdominal Pain

  • Generalized Pain: This refers to pain felt in more than half of your abdominal area and is typical for stomach viruses, indigestion, or gas as the reason for your pain.
  • Localized Pain: This refers to an ache felt in just one area of your stomach and is typical for a problem with an organ like your stomach, appendix, or gallbladder as the motive of your pain.
  • Cramping: This type of pain comes and goes, or there are changes in its severity or perceived position in your stomach. Cramping is hardly critical and is normal for gas, passing a stool, or menstruation, which is the reason for your pain.
  • Colicky Pain: Like cramping, this kind of ache comes and goes but has a tendency to be severe and inconsistent. It’s normal to have kidney stones or gallstones as the cause of your pain.

It’s critical to call your health practitioner if your belly ache is so severe that you can’t move without feeling added pain, or sit still in a comfortable position.

Seek immediate medical attention if your stomach ache is accompanied by any of the following signs:

  • Fever
  • Bloody stool
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Yellowish skin
  • Swollen abdomen
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Abdominal Pain Diagnosis

Since there are so many possible causes, your doctor will do a complete physical checkup. He’ll also ask you a few questions about your symptoms and help you recognize what type of ache you have.

Abdominal Pain

Some different questions your health practitioner might also ask you:

  • Does it hurt all through your abdomen, or is it simply in a single, unique location?
  • When does it hurt? Always? More regularly in the morning or at night?
  • If the ache comes and goes, how long does it last every time?
  • Does it harm once you eat certain foods or drink alcohol?
  • Are you in pain during menstruation?
  • How long have you been hurting?
  • Does the pain sometimes pass into your lower back, shoulder, groin, or buttocks?
  • Do you take any medicines or natural dietary supplements?
  • Are you pregnant?
  • Does any activity, along with eating or lying on one side, ease the ache?
  • Does any activity or function make the pain worse?
  • Were you injured recently?

After your examination is over and your doctor is finished asking you questions, you may need exams to help find the reason for your ache. These assessments may also consist of:

  • Stool or urine checks
  • Blood tests
  • Barium swallows or enemas
  • Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy
  • CT experiment
  • Ultrasound
  • Upper endoscopy
  • X-rays

Treatment and Home Remedies for Abdominal Aches

The treatment of abdominal pain is mainly dependent on the diagnosis. Medications that reduce irritation may help with stomach pain because of painkillers.

If you and your physician have determined that your stomach pain is not caused by a critical medical condition, there are several domestic health remedies that could provide comfort. Here’s a quick list:

  • Bitters and soda
  • Ginger
  • Chamomile tea
  • The BRAT diet (bananas, rice, apple sauce, and toast)
  • Peppermint
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • heating pad
  • Warm tub
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Self-Care Measures

Mild stomach aches due to digestive upset might also respond to self-care measures, including the following:

  • Avoiding solid foods for some hours
  • Sipping water or clean fluids
  • Resting till you feel better
  • Avoiding dairy products, citrus fruits, fatty ingredients, tomato products, caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated beverages
  • Sticking to mild meals like crackers, rice, bananas, or applesauce


Abdominal aches are common and often hard to diagnose and treat. Understanding the potential causes, different types, and associated signs is essential for effective management. It is best to talk to your best gastroenterologist if you frequently get abdominal pain and are unable to manage it with simple home remedies.


1) Why do you have an ache on the lower right side of your stomach?

Pain on the right side of the stomach may result from conditions such as appendicitis, hernia, kidney issues, reproductive system issues, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), indigestion, or even fuel.

2) What may cause stomach cramps for 2 weeks?

Chronic abdominal pain can be intermittent (episodic), which means it will come and go. This form of pain may last for weeks, months, or maybe years. Some chronic situations cause progressive pain that steadily gets worse over time.

3) What is the most dangerous kind of stomach pain?

Sudden belly pain is often an indicator of a major abdominal condition. It may include a perforated ulcer or a ruptured abdominal aneurysm, although it could result from a benign ailment, such as gallstones.

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